Top End Kits
Yamaha Top End Rebuild Kits includes SBT piston kits, head and base gaskets, and top end rod bearings.
The following tips are useful when rebuilding your jetski top end using a rebuild kit from the Watercraft Superstore.
1.Before you disassemble your jet ski engine to rebuild your top end, power-wash the engine and the rest of the watercraft. That will reduce the risk of dirt and debris falling into the engine. Once you remove the cylinders, stuff a clean rag down into the crankcases.
2.The cylinder and head of the jet ski engine use alignment pins to hold them straight in position from the crankcases on up. The pins make it difficult to remove the pwc cylinder from the cases and the pwc head from the cylinder. Sometimes the steel alignment pins corrode into the aluminum engine components. Try spraying penetrating-oil down the mounting studs before attempting to remove the cylinder and head. Never use a flat-blade screwdriver, chisel, or metal hammer to remove the cylinder. Instead use this technique; buy a lead-shot plastic mallet, swing it at a 45-degree angle upwards against the sides of the cylinder. Alternate from left to right, hitting the sides of the cylinder to separate it from the cases evenly. Clean the steel alignment pins with steel wool and penetrating-oil. Examine the pins closely. If they are deformed in shape, they won't allow the engine parts to bolt together tightly. This can cause a dangerous air leak or a coolant leak.
3.Never re-use old gaskets when doing a top end rebuild of your jet ski. Remove them with a razor blade or gasket scraper. Don't use a drill-driven steel wool type pad to remove old gaskets because they can remove aluminum from the cylinder and head. That will cause a gasket to leak.
4.Always check the ring end gap on a new ring by placing it in the cylinder between the head gasket surface and the exhaust port. The specified gap can be found in the SBT piston installation guide contained in the kit.
5.Always install the circlips with the opening facing straight up or down, that way inertia will hold it tight into the clip groove. Place one clip in the groove before installing the piston on the connecting rod. It’s easier to install a clip with the piston in your hand rather than on the rod. There also less chance that you'll drop the circlip in the crankcases.
6.Always install the rings on the piston with the markings facing up. Coat the rings with pre-mix oil so they can slide in the groove when trying to install the piston in the cylinder.
7.Always install the piston on the connecting rod with the arrow on the piston crown facing towards the exhaust port.
8.The traditional way to assemble the top end is to install the piston assembly on the connecting rod, compress the rings, and slide the cylinder over the piston. That can be difficult with larger bore cylinders, or if you're working by yourself. Try this method instead. Install one circlip in the piston, install the piston into the cylinder with the pin hole exposed, install the piston pin through one side of the piston, position the cylinder over the connecting rod and push the piston pin through until it bottoms against the circlip, install the other circlip. It only takes two hands to install the top end using this manor and there is less chance that you’ll damage the rings by twisting the cylinder upon installation.
9.On jet ski cylinders with reed valves and large oval intake ports, take care when installing the piston assembly in the cylinder because the rings are likely to squeeze out of the ring grooves. Use a flat-blade screwdriver to gently push the rings back in the grooves so the piston assembly can pass by the intake port.
10.For steel head gaskets, place the round side of the "bump" facing up. Don't use liquid gasket sealer, use aerosol spray adhesive types instead. For hybrid fiber/steel ring head gaskets, place the wide side of the steel rings facing down.
11.For break-in procedures, visit the forums at www.shopsbt.com.